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# Gravitation Resources

by Ron Kurtus (revised 16 December 2018)

The following material consists of website and book resources on gravitation.

## Contents

- Basics
- Classical theories of gravitation
- Relativity and gravitation
- Quantum gravitation
- Finding gravitational constant
- Escape velocity
- Black holes

Use these resources to help your understanding of the material.

## Gravitation basics

Gravity and Gravitation- Wikipedia

## Classical theories of gravitation

Alternatives to general relativity- Wikipedia

Sir Isaac Newton: The Universal Law of Gravitation- Dept. of Physics & Astronomy University of Tennessee-Knoxville

Newton's Law of Universal Gravitation- Wikipedia

Newton's Law of Universal Gravitation- Physics Classroom

Gravitational Acceleration- Wikipedia

Gravitational Acceleration Calculator

Gravitational Acceleration Tutorial and Calculators- EasyCalculation.com

Theories of gravitation- History - University of St. Andrews, Scotland

## Relativity and gravitation

Gravitation and the General Theory of Relativity- University of Tennessee at Knoxville

Einstein's Theory of Relativity versus Classical Mechanics- Index of online book by Paul Marmet

General Theory of Relativity- Wikipedia

Tests of general relativity- Wikipedia

The Principle of EquivalenceChapter 10 of online book by Paul Marmet

Equivalence principle- Wikipedia

Equivalence Principle- Laboratory Tests of Gravitational Physics

Elevator, rocket, and gravity: the equivalence principle- Einstein online

Gravitational Time Dilation- Wikipedia

Gravitational redshift- Wikipedia

## Quantum gravitation

Graviton- - Wikipedia

Gravitational wave- Wikipedia

String theory- Wikipedia

What is String Theory?- About.com Physics

Quantum mechanics- Wikipedia

Quantum gravity- Wikipedia

What is Quantum Gravity?- About.com Physics

Quantum Gravity- Einstein Online

Loop quantum gravity- Wikipedia

What is Loop Quantum Gravity?- About.com

## Finding gravitational constant

Gravitational Constant- Wikipedia

Final Demystification of the gravitational constant variation- Blaze Labs Research; extensive research on variations and Unified Theory studies

Cavendish Experiment- Wikipedia

Cavendish Experiment- Harvard University Physics

Measurement of Gravitational Constant(PDF) - Rice University

Henry Cavendish - Weighing the Earth- Following the Path of Discovery

Bending Spacetime in the Basement: Measuring Gravitation- Homemade graviational experiments - John Walker of Fourmilab Switzerland; Some controversy on validity of results

## Escape velocity

Escape Velocity- Wikipedia

Gravitational Potential- Wikipedia

Gravitational Potential- A-level Physics - WikiBooks

Gravitational Potential Energy- - SparkNotes SAT Physics

Gravitational or Gravity Well- Wikipedia

## Black Holes

Black Holes- NASA Astrophysics

Black hole- Wikipedia

The Schwarzschild Radius- HyperPhysics

The Schwarzschild Radius: Nature's Breaking Point- NOVA

Schwarzschild radius- Wikipedia

Singularities and Black Holes- Stanford University

Gravitational singularity- Wikipedia

## Books

### Gravity physics

Reinventing Gravity: A Physicist Goes Beyond Einsteinby John W. Moffat; Smithsonian (2008) $27.95

Head First Physics: A learner's companion to mechanics and practical physics by Heather Lang; O'Reilly Media (2008) $29.99

Gravity: An Introduction to Einstein's General Relativityby J. B. Hartle; Benjamin Cummings (2003) $84.00

### Gravitation physics

Gravitation(Physics Series) by Charles W. Misner, Kip S. Thorne, John Archibald Wheeler, and John Wheeler; W. H. Freeman (1973) $123.63

Gravitation and Inertiaby Ignazio Ciufolini and John Archibald Wheeler; Princeton University Press (1995) $105

Principles of Cosmology and Gravitationby Michael V. Berry; Taylor & Francis (1989) $55.95

The Gravitational Constant: Generalized Gravitational Theories and Experimentsby Venzo De Sabbata, George T. Gillies and Vitaly N. Melnikov; Springer (2004) $176

Spacetime and Geometry: An Introduction to General Relativityby Sean Carroll, Benjamin Cummings Publishing (2003) $123

### Physical Science textbooks

Conceptual Physical Science- Chapter 4 Gravity and Satellite Motion by Paul G. Hewitt, John Suchocki and Leslie A. Hewitt, Addison-Wesley Longman (2004); $87

Physical Science: A Unified Approach- Chapter 5 Motion and Gravity by Jerry Schad, San Diego Mesa College, Brooks/Cole Publishing Co. (1995); $215

### Physics textbooks

Physics: Algebra/Trig- Chapter 5 Centripetal Force and Gravity by Eugene Hecht, Adelphi University; Brooks/Cole Publishing (2002) $239

Physics: Principles with Applications- Chapter 5 Circular Motion and Gravitation by Douglas C. Giancoli, Prentice Hall (2004) $199

## Summary

If you have other good resources on these topics, let me know about them.

## Questions and comments

Do you have any questions, comments, or opinions on this subject? If so, send an email with your feedback. I will try to get back to you as soon as possible.

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gravitation_resources.htm**

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## Where are you now?

## Gravitation Resources