List of Topics


Astronomy Feedback

by Ron Kurtus

Readers have sent in a total of 311 comments and questions on Astronomy issues. They are listed according to date.

You can read them to further your understanding of the subject.

List of next 15 letters




Astronomy comments General Bangladesh
Distinctive features unique to earth. The Earth USA
What are companions of planets called? Our Solar System USA
Wants permission to use image Keplers Laws USA
Want to study Astronomy General South Africa
Suggested resource Resources USA
Pulses of radiation General Bangladesh
Constellations and religion Constellations USA
Four characteristics of the moon Moon South Africa
Are there other universes? General Pakistan
Put solar panels on the Moon Moon USA
Why study the night sky? Observations in Astronomy Australia
Are there a lot of galaxies? General Topics India
Where can I get a telescope? Observations in Astronomy Malawi
Wants to be an astronaut General Topics South Africa

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First 15 letters


Astronomy comments

December 24, 2015




What is the Earth’s gravitational force?

Scientists Newton formula is Wrong

The sun is flat!

Moon is not Earth’s satellite


NOTE: The arguments have been deleted because they are too extensive to be published.

ROBIUL ISLAM - Bangladesh (26644)


No, the Sun does not move around the Earth. that has been proven many times.

The Earth’s gravitational force is approximately 9.8 m/s^2 times the mass of the object.

Newton's Third Law is correct. A force requires an opposite force.

The Sun is not flat. Your sources are inaccurate.

The Moon is Earth’s satellite. This is by definition.

It is true that our Sun is not a planet. It is a sun.

The starts do not move around the Sun. Your sources of information are incorrect.

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The Earth

Distinctive features unique to earth.

September 27, 2015


What are 2 distinctive features unique to earth.

Plz get back to me soon.
Thank you

Sarah - USA (26409)


Features of the Earth that are unique with respect to the other planets in our Solar System include an atmosphere and temperatures that can support life (as well know it) and oceans consisting of water.

Some of the other planets have atmospheres of other gases and temperatures either too high or too low to support life. Some have oceans but not made up of water.

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Our Solar System

What are companions of planets called?

June 10, 2015


The companions of planets are called

- USA (26082)


Companions of planets are called "moons" or "natural satellites".

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Keplers Laws

Wants permission to use image

January 19, 2015


I am writing a book on Moon and space travel. The book is meant for promoting science learning among young adults. An Indian publisher has agreed to publish the book. I want to use the image from your article depicting Kepler's second law. Please give me your permission and tell me how would you like me to write credits.
Thank you
Ramesh Shishu, P.hD.

Ramesh - USA (25712)


Congratulations on writing your book.

Yes, you have permission to use the image. I would appreciate it if you would state: Permission from Ron Kurtus, School for Champions ( or something to that effect.

Note that I have updated the image to improve its resolution. I you want, I can send you a higher resolution file as a JPEG that would be more appropriate for a print publication.

Best wishes for success with your book.

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Want to study Astronomy

January 5, 2015


hai i wnt to du astronomyas well as to study in the field.but im little.bit suffrng in mAths frm thr whle year in grd11 0n 2015 bt now im dng grd 12 ths how cn i imprve

Sandile - South Africa (25688)


Astronomy is an interesting subject. It is good that you want to study it. See our lessons on Astronomy for some basic information.

Although maths are important in Astronomy, you can still learn much by studying the physical aspects of the subject.

You can get some good information from the Astronautical Society of Southern Africa, including information about scholarships. There are also branches in various South Africa cities.

Best wishes for success in your studies.

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Suggested resource

September 7, 2014



I’m a home school instructor and I took my kids to the Adler Planetarium a few weeks ago on a field trip. Our kids had fun learning about the solar system and the moon. I used this guide as a reference ( and I think it would make a good addition to your page here:

I hope this was helpful.


Sandra - USA (25345)


Thanks for the resource I added the link to the Astronomy Resources page.

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Pulses of radiation

September 6, 2014


suppose there is a distant celestial source which emits pulses of radiation at regular intervals of exactly 100 seconds apart. many pulses would have been sent to the earth in one day (24hours)
2.if 50 such pulses were recorded for a spacecraft to reach a predetermined destination,what is this time interval in seconds?

monika - Bangladesh (25341)


To find the number of pulses in one day, convert 24 hours to seconds: 24 * 60 min/hr * 60 sec/min = 86400 sec. Divide by 100 second to get number of pulses: 86400/100 = 846 pulses.

The time interval for 50 pulses is 50 * 100 sec = 5000 seconds.

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Constellations and religion

July 9, 2014


School for Champions; I do not know if you have any religious beliefs or not. I am a Christian who is interested in astronomy from a more Biblical point of view.

I was born and raised up in Kermit, Texas where you can see the stars very clearly due to the reduction of big city lights. I used to climb to the top of our house so I could see the stars better even on the horizon. My mother would call me in because it would be getting so late. I am now an older man entering those so-called golden years with no gold!

I know how to read ancient Hebrew hieroglyphs and I noticed that some of the constellations or asterisms which circle close to the North Star looked like some of these hieroglyphs. I had often wondered why God put both a little dipper and a big dipper up in our night skies? Now I know that most of these constellations are not drawn as God intended them according to man! The northern cross is an obvious Christian emblem but is dismissed by the non-believers as just a pattern by luck.

Google, Aquilla Fleetwood, Night Signs. Click on to any site to see these constellations as God intended them. They are pointing us to Christ in ancient Hebrew hieroglyphic word picture form. Google, Jeff Benner, the North Star, for his amazing information. Google, Dr. Frank T. Seekins, Hebrew Word Pictures, for his information about this ancient Hebrew hieroglyphic writings and how Christ is embedded within it.

Indeed, the stars are for signs and the heavens declare the glory of God. Thanks, Aquilla (little eagle)

Aquilla - USA (25101)


You are fortunate to be in an area to be able to view the stars at night without the glare from city lights.

Although the Bible states that God created the heavens and the earth. I don't believe there area any Bible phrases indicating the constellations were meant to represent anything, except that man could view the stars and see they are the work of His hands.

Since the stars have been in motion and change their position with respect to the earth, many constellations have changed positions and shape over the years. The symbolism of a constellation may be a result of man's faith.

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Four characteristics of the moon

June 10, 2014


I am asking for 4 characteristics of the moon

sello - South Africa (25048)


The characteristics are listed in Characteristics of our Moon.

You could select size, mass, density, as well as the lack of Oxygen, and lower gravity than Earth.

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Are there other universes?

May 26, 2014


is there any other universe?

Akhtar - Pakistan (24990)


It is quite possible that there are other universes. See: Theory of Multiple Universes (Multiverse) for more information.

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Put solar panels on the Moon

April 22, 2014


Actually this has to do with solar power. Why not set up a large array of solar panels on the moon, and send the energy back to earth? By using microwave or laser beam technology. We would have an abundance of solar power (electricity). Get rid of nuclear power.

Mark - USA (24890)


Although you could create electricity with the solar panels on the Moon, there would be no good way to send that energy back to the Earth. Perhaps by creating microwaves and sending them back to Earth and then converting the energy to electricity might work. But that is a round-about way of getting the energy and would be very expensive and may not be effective.

There had been talk about placing huge reflective panels in orbit to reflect light to the Earth at night. That idea was dropped a number of years ago as not being practical.

The best solution is using solar panels on Earth, such that the distances are not so immense.

It is great that you are thinking of creative ways to find clean energy. Keep coming up with new ideas.

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Observations in Astronomy

Why study the night sky?

April 4, 2014


What knowledge modern people gain from studying the night sky?

Roula - Australia (24843)


You can determine direction by observing the stars in the night sky. For the average person, examining the stars and planets through a telescope can be enlightening. Modern scientists can seek out new galaxies and observe events to help understand the physics of the Universe.

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General Topics

Are there a lot of galaxies?

March 2, 2014


Is in universe there are lot of galaxies?

shital - India (24569)


In the Universe, there are billions of galaxies, and within each galaxy, there are billions of stars.

It is hard to imagine such large numbers.

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Observations in Astronomy

Where can I get a telescope?

December 28, 2013


Please where can i get a Telescope and how much is it?..thank u.

Moses - Malawi (24394)


Although you can order telescopes online through such sites as, it might be better to try a local camera store in Malawi. They often sell telescopes or can direct you to a store that does sell them.

Also, you can try to get a used telescope.

Best wishes in finding a telescope.

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General Topics

Wants to be an astronaut

November 1, 2013


Hi i'm in grade 11 and my biggest dream is to become an astronomar and i want to learn more. I always ador the NASA news.

Thuso - South Africa (24158)


It is great that you have a dream of becoming an astronaut. Many countries are starting to send people into space. However, there are requirements to fulfill to become an astronaut. You should have a college education in the sciences and be in good physical condition.

See details on NASA Astronaut Requirements for some information.

The European Space Agency lists their Training Requirements.

Also see South African Space Programme.

Best wishes in achieving your dream.

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