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Physics Feedback

by Ron Kurtus

Readers have sent in a total of 887 comments and questions on Physics issues. They are listed according to date.

You can read them to further your understanding of the subject.

List of most recent 15 letters




Copyright permission Noise Cancellation USA
Resolve components Mechanics Nigeria
Reducing friction Friction USA
Calculating simple pendulum Pendulum Equations Nigeria
Sound of sea is louder at night Sound Pakistan
Role of moons in theory Atom as Solar System India
Moving the magnetic field Generating Electricity USA
Relationship between Brownian motion and Kinetic theory Kinetic Theory of Matter USA
Branches of Physics General Kenya
Velocity equations Convention for Direction in Gravity Equations India
What are quarks? Matter Sudan
Properties of good insulators General USA
Doppler effect Visible Light India
Time to reach the ground Derivation of Velocity-Time Gravity Equations India
Confusion on thermal energy Thermal Potential Energy USA

Next 15 letters

Noise Cancellation

Copyright permission

March 26, 2020



I am writing on behalf of "aha! Process, Inc.", to seek permission to reproduce material for which I believe you control the copyright. Below is information about the upcoming publication in which your material would appear.

Information about our publication:
• Title: Emotional Poverty Volume II
• Author: Ruby K. Payne
• Format: Paperback
• Genre: Nonfiction
• Initial print run: 5,000
• Price: $30
• Projected release: August 2020

aha! Process seeks permission to reproduce the following material:
• Item: Text and graphics
• Source title: “Noise Cancellation”
• URL:

If you approve the use, please reply promptly with an appropriate permissions credit line to be placed on the copyright page of Emotional Poverty Volume II. For example:

“Human Learning Process” graphic from Building Expertise: Cognitive Methods for Training and Performance (pp. 50–51), by R. C. Clark, 2008, San Francisco, CA: Pfeiffer. Copyright 2008 by John Wiley & Sons. Reprinted with permission.

Thank you for your consideration,
Jesse Conrad
Assistant Publications Manager
aha! Process

Jesse - USA (29395)


Yes, you have permission to reproduce the material in the School for Champions article on "Noise Cancellation".

Best wishes for success in your work.

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Resolve components

January 2, 2020


How can I get your materials, how can I know how to resolve component, the understanding

Okesanjo - Nigeria (29306)


What are you trying to do concerning this subject?

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Reducing friction

December 20, 2019


I'm doing a project to how to reduce friction, so how do you reduce friction?

sameera - USA (29300)


See Reducing Sliding Friction.

Also see Friction Experiments.

Best wishes for success in your project.

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Pendulum Equations

Calculating simple pendulum

November 20, 2019


what is the method of calculating simple pendulum

MAUAN - Nigeria (29272)


You can measure the frequency that a pendulum swings with a stopwatch.

To calculate the frequency, you must measure the length of the rod or wire and use the equation: f = [SQRT(g/L)]/2PI.

(See Equations for a Simple Pendulum.

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Sound of sea is louder at night

October 8, 2019


Why sound of sea is louder at night than day time???

Nahida - Pakistan (29214)


The loudness or amplitude of sound increases with a reduction in temperature. The air above the sea is cooler at night and thus seems louder.

See Sound Seems Amplified Over Water for an explanation.

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Atom as Solar System

Role of moons in theory

September 9, 2019


1 how would the moon plays role in the given theory?
2 what would change in the theory if e considered 9 planets?
Or change to 12 planets?>

majid - India (29165)


The Solar System model of an atom looks at electrons moving around the nucleus of the atom. However, in most solar systems, many planets also have one or more moons revolving around the planet. This presents a problem with this model, since electrons are primary particles that cannot be subdivided.

Also, according to Quantum Mechanics, the sub-atomic particles can be viewed as wave-forms.

Thus, this model is simply convenient way of looking at the Solar System.

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Generating Electricity

Moving the magnetic field

August 16, 2019


I'm a tutor. Discussing electricity with students. This came up. If you move the field around the coil, instead of the coil moving, would that generate a current? Thank you!

james - USA (29151)


The first illustration in Generating Electrical Current shows a wire moving through a magnetic field. You could easily move the magnets and keep the wire stationary for the same effect.

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Kinetic Theory of Matter

Relationship between Brownian motion and Kinetic theory

July 9, 2019


What is the relationship between Brownian motion and the Kinetic Theory of Matter?

Your content is rich on the topic.

Emmanuel - USA (29098)


The Kinetic Theory of Matter states that matter is composed of a large number of small particles—individual atoms or molecules—that are in constant motion.

On the other hand, Brownian motion is the erratic random movement of microscopic particles in a fluid, as a result of continuous bombardment from molecules of the surrounding medium. Thus Brownian motion concerns the collisions of particles in motion due to the Kinetic Theory of Matter.

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Branches of Physics

July 8, 2019


What are the branches of Physics?

kevin - Kenya (29096)


Branches of Physics include:

- Classical physics
- Modern physics
- Nuclear physics
- Atomic physics
- Geophysics
- Biophysics
- Mechanics
- Acoustics
- Optics
- Thermodynamics
- Astrophysics

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Convention for Direction in Gravity Equations

Velocity equations

June 17, 2019


Would you please Explain the sign convention of g with the following examples

A)A ball thrown vertically upwards from the ground.
B)A ball thrown vertically upwards from a tower of hight h.

Find the maximum hight, find the time of flight and also velocity of ball before it reaches the ground.

S - India (29073)


The acceleration due to gravity (g) is positive toward the ground. When an object is thrown upwards, the force of gravity slows the velocity of the object.

See Gravity Equations for Objects Projected Upward..

To find the maximum height, you need the initial velocity upwards of the object, as well as the height from which it is thrown. The same is true for the time in flight.

Also see: Equations for Objects Projected Upward

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What are quarks?

April 30, 2019


What are the quarks ,and did it found before or after the (the Big Bang Theory).

Abdelgadir - Sudan (29021)


A quark is a fundamental or elementary particle of matter that is part of such particles as protons and Neutrons. See Fundamental Particles of Matter.

Quarks were discovered around 1968.

The Big Bang Theory was proposed around 1929, although there were other similar theories many years before that.

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Properties of good insulators

February 1, 2019


what are some good properties of good insulators.

ruben - USA (28933)


Certainly, a good insulator should hinder outside heat transfer (hot or cold). But also, the insulator must not weigh too much or take up too much space.

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Visible Light

Doppler effect

January 31, 2019


What will happen if object travels at half the speed of light. Is doppler effect applicable for electromagnetic waves?

Pankaj - India (28930)


An object must travel at about 90% the speed of light for any noticeable effect. See Speed of Light for information.

Also see Doppler Effect Equations for Light.

I hope that helps your understanding.

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Derivation of Velocity-Time Gravity Equations

Time to reach the ground

January 27, 2019


I have seen an equation to calculate time of an object to reach the ground as
Can you please help understand how this equation has come

Srinivasan - India (28924)


The time it takes a falling object to reach the ground is t = SQRT(2h/g) where h is the height or distance to the ground.

See Gravity Time Equations for Falling Objects for information.

I hope that helps.

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Thermal Potential Energy

Confusion on thermal energy

January 15, 2019


My question is the following:

It has to do with the idea of thermal energy being a sum of both the kinetic and potential energy of a material. Because I am teaching 8th grade Science at the time, I am trying to keep this as simple as possible. However, a student asked if two samples of air (one at approx. 0 Celsius, and the other at approx 27 Celsius) have different amounts of potential energy? After reading more about it, my thought would be no, they would have the same potential energy, just different amounts.

Rebecca - USA (28916)


The definitions of thermal kinetic energy and potential energy can be confusing. I updated the whole section to try to clarify issues and make it easier to understand.

What is called Internal Energy is the sum of the Thermal Kinetic Energy and Thermal Potential Energy.

See the updated versions of Thermal Energy is Kinetic Energy and Thermal Potential Energy.

The potential energy of two sample of air at different temperatures would be approximately the same. However, since the atoms or molecules travel faster at the higher temperature, the kinetic or thermal energy would be greater for the higher temperature.

I hope that helps. Best wishes for success in your class.

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